The Alzheimer’s Society (2015) reports there are over 850,000 people living with dementia in the UK today. Of these, approximately, 42,000 are people with young onset dementia, which affects people under the age of 65. As a person’s age increases, so does the risk of them developing dementia. It is estimated that the number of people living with dementia in the UK by 2025 will rise to over 1 million. Rates of diagnosis are improving but many people with dementia are thought to still be undiagnosed.

Dementia is not a specific disease. It’s an overall term that describes a group of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a person’s ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of cases.

Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe a range of progressive neurological disorders, that is, conditions affecting the brain. There are many different types of dementia, of which Alzheimer’s disease is the most common. Some people may have a combination of types of dementia. Regardless of which type is diagnosed, each person will experience their dementia in their own unique way.

Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia in the over-65 age group. It’s an umbrella term for a group of conditions caused by problems with blood circulation to the brain. Causes can range from small blood clots, to blocked arteries, to burst blood vessels.

Frontotemporal dementia

Frontotemporal dementia is the second most common form of dementia for under-65s. It is a group of conditions caused by the death of nerve cells and pathways in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain.

Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia (around 60% of diagnoses), although comparatively rare for under-65s. It’s thought to be caused by abnormal amounts of proteins in the brain that create plaques and tangles that interfere with and damage nerve cells.

Infinity Mind Foundation is helping to raise awareness globally by supporting and educations of dementia among individuals, families in the UK and Africa.

An elderly dementia sufferer rescued after being tied and left without food. Family and community members informed IMF that the lady is possessed by demons

Dementia Globally

Dementia is a global concern but it is most often seen in wealthier countries, where people are likely to live into very old age.

Eighty-three percent of the help provided to older adults comes from family members, friends or other unpaid caregivers. Nearly half of all caregivers who provide help to older adults do so for someone with Alzheimer’s or another dementia.

Who are the caregivers?

  • About one in three caregivers (36 percent) is age 65 or older.
  • Approximately two-thirds of caregivers are women; more specifically, over one-third of dementia caregivers are daughters.
  • Approximately one-quarter of dementia caregivers are “sandwich generation” caregivers — meaning that they care not only for an aging parent, but also for children under age 18.

WHO (2017) The number of people living with dementia worldwide is currently estimated at 47 million and is projected to increase to 75 million by 2030. The number of cases of dementia are estimated to almost triple by 2050.

Dementia is overwhelming not only for the people who have it, but also for their caregivers and families. There is a lack of awareness and understanding of dementia in most countries, resulting in stigmatization, barriers to diagnosis and care, and impacting carers, families and societies physically, psychologically and economically.

The number of Americans living with Alzheimer’s is growing — and growing fast. An estimated 5.7 million Americans of all ages have Alzheimer’s.

An estimated 5.7 million Americans of all ages are living with Alzheimer’s dementia in 2018. This number includes an estimated 5.5 million people age 65 and older and approximately 200,000 individuals under age 65 who have younger-onset Alzheimer’s.

  • One in 10 people age 65 and older (10 percent) has Alzheimer’s dementia.
  • Almost two-thirds of Americans with Alzheimer’s are women.
  • Older African-Americans are about twice as likely to have Alzheimer’s or other dementias as older whites.
  • Hispanics are about one and one-half times as likely to have Alzheimer’s or other dementias as older whites.

As the number of older Americans grows rapidly, so too will the number of new and existing cases of Alzheimer’s. Today, someone in the United States develops Alzheimer’s every 65 seconds. By mid-century, someone in the United States will develop the disease every 33 seconds.

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The total estimated worldwide cost of dementia is US$818 billion in 2015, which represents 1.09% of global GDP. By 2018, the global cost of dementia will rise above a US$ trillion.

This publication includes the rate of dementia diagnosis in the UK. As not everyone with dementia has a formal diagnosis, this statistic compares the number of people thought to have dementia with the number of people diagnosed with dementia, aged 65 and over.

Recorded dementia prevalence at 31 January 2018 was 0.771 per cent (1 person in 130).

“When considered alongside monthly data previously collected, this indicates a progressive increase in recorded prevalence from January 2017 (0.765) to January 2018 (0.771).

The number of people over 65 with dementia was estimated to be 645,101. Of these, 67.9 per cent have a coded dementia diagnosis recorded.

9.4 per cent of patients with a recorded dementia diagnosis were prescribed antipsychotic medication in the 6 weeks to 31 January 2018.

The total number of open and active GP practices was 7,243 practices.

Of the open practices, data for 7,157 practices were included in this publication, representing 98.8 per cent coverage of open and active practices.

73.2 per cent of patients on the dementia registers had their ethnicity recorded as either ‘Not stated’ or ‘No ethnicity code’.